The two research studies aimed to investigate factors that influence patients’ adherence/non-adherence to the use of Continuous Positive Airways Pressure (CPAP) devices in the treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), and explore ways of improving adherence. OSA is a health condition characterized by difficulties in breathing during sleep as a result of the upper airways getting blocked. The patient experiences sleep disruption, and they easily fall asleep during the day. CPAP is a treatment therapy that uses a device that prevents the airwaves from getting blocked. The first study, “Predictors of continuous positive airway pressure use during the first week of treatment” by Ye, et al., (2012), investigated factors that could signal non-adherence to CPAP use in OSA patients during the first week of treatment. The authors identified race, treatment side effects related to sexual activity (intimacy) and higher residual apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) as the major factors that contributed to lower adherence. Being black, less intimate with partners and having a higher residual AHI were associated with reduced use of CPAP therapy. In the other study, “Increasing CPAP Adherence Using Psychological Therapies” by Pelletier, Kameg & Barret (2012), the researchers investigated the potential of applying psychology to reinforce patient adherence to the use of CPAP in the treatment..
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