The theoretical foundations of change theory are robust: several theories now exist, many coming from the disciplines of sociology, psychology, education, and organizational management. Kurt Lewin (1890 – 1947) has been acknowledged as the “father of social change theories” and presents a simple yet powerful model to begin the study of change theory and processes. He is also lauded as the originator of social psychology, action research, as well as organizational development. Lewin’s change theory consists of three distinct and vital stages: •Unfreezing
•Moving to a New Level or Changing
“Unfreezing”- involves finding a method of making it possible for people to let go of an old pattern that was counterproductive in some way. “Moving to a new level” – involves a process of change–in thoughts, feelings, behavior, or all three, that is in some way more liberating or more productive. “Refreezing” – is establishing the change as a new habit, so that it now becomes the “standard operating procedure.” Without some process of refreezing, it is easy to backslide into the old ways.