Communicable Diseases: Malaria in the Democratic Republic of Congo Introduction Malaria is a commonly tropical disease that is caused by the parasite Plasmodium, which is transmitted by the female anopheles mosquito. Annually, malaria accounts for approximately 630, 000 deaths globally, 90% of which occurs in sub-Saharan Africa. Half of the world population lives in malaria high-risk regions. Of the estimated 207 million malaria infections that occur each year, 103 million, representing 47%, take place in six sub-Sahara African countries; Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Cote dâ€™Ivoire, Tanzania, Mozambique, and Uganda. Nigeria and DRC alone account for about 40% of global infection cases. At the same time, children under the age of 5 years are the most affected, who accounted for 86% deaths globally in 2010 (CDC, 2012).
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